vendredi 20 octobre 2017

Sujet de stage Master M2 - Année 2018

Laboratoire "Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions"
Equipe "Ecologie Evolution Symbiose"

Titre du stage : Relations entre organisation sociale et cognition chez les Isopodes terrestres
Relationship between social organization and cognition in terrestrial isopods
 
Encadrant(s) : 
1) Yves CAUBET, MCU, Univ. Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267 EBI-EES, 05 49 45 35 61, yves.caubet@univ-poitiers.fr
2) Freddie-Jeanne RICHARD, MCU, Univ. Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267 EBI-EES
 
Mots clés : Socialité – Comportement – Cognition – Évolution

Résumé :
Contexte scientifique :
Les relations entre capacités cognitives et organisation sociale ouvrent un champ  prometteur d’investigations aussi bien sur le plan théorique  qu’expérimental.  Excepté  pour  quelques  espèces  modèles  emblématiques,  la  cognition  chez  les  invertébrés  est  un domaine  encore  méconnu.  Dans  cette  optique,  les  Isopodes  terrestres,  malgré  un  nombre  restreint  d’espèces,  présentent  des atouts  indéniables  par  la  variété  de  leur  organisation  sociale  et  la  richesse  de  leurs  adaptations  écologiques.  D es  publications récentes  du  laboratoire  et  d’autres  équipes  ont  démontré  la  complexité  des  facteurs  sous -tendant  l’expression  de  leurs comportements sociaux.  Les relations symbiotiques que les isopodes terrestres ont développées ouvrent plus largement enco re la richesse de ce modèle d’invertébrés terrestres.
Nous  proposons  dans  ce  sujet  d’approfondir  l’étude  des  capacités  cognitives  de  l’espèce  Armadillidium  vulgare  (la  mieux documentée)  en  termes  d’exploration  spatiale,  d’attraction  interindividuelle  et  d’apprentissage  afin  d’initier  une  étude comparative d’espèces choisies pour leur variété dans les stratégies sociales et écologiques. L’hypothèse sous -jacente, supportée par des études pilotes récentes (distribution libre et idéale ; effet social sur l’apprentissage spatiale), est que les choix individuels et collectifs, dans le cadre écologique des interactions sociales, sollicitent des aptitudes cognitives facilitatrices.
Le  plan  expérimental  mettra  en  œuvre  des  tests  comportementaux  standardisés  permettant  d’évaluer  des  indices  cognitifs  en termes  de  perception  du  milieu  et  d’apprentissage.  Cette  évaluation  permettra  aussi  à  terme  de  mesurer  l’impact d’endosymbiontes sur ces performances et d’évaluer leur conséquence, dans une perspective évolutive, sur la stratégie sociale.
Hypothèses testées dans le projet :
•  Le gradient de socialité observable parmi les Oniscidae peut être corrélé à un gradient cognitif
•  L’impact d’endosymbiotes sur les performances cognitives de son hôte peut inférer sur ses comportements sociaux

Techniques, méthodologies mises en œuvre : 
Le  projet  nécessitera  des  analyses  automatisées  de  trajectométrie  et  d’activité  réalisées  à  l’aide  de  la  chaîne  d’acquisition  et d’analyse Noldus Ethovision XT 12 et du logiciel dédié Neighbour-In ainsi que des observations comportementales visuelles.
Au vu des résultats certaines analyses chimiques en Chromatographie en phase gazeuse pourront être implémentées.
Une revue bibliographique sur le groupe devra également être réalisée afin de placer les résultats obtenus dans une perspective évolutive.

Références bibliographiques : 
1)  Caubet,  Y.  &  Richard,  F.-J.  2015. NEIGHBOUR-IN: Image processing software for  spatial analysis of animal  grouping.  Zookeys, 515: 173-189.
2)  Templé,  N.  &  Richard,  F.-J.  2015.  Intra-cellular  bacterial  infections  affect  learning  and  memory  capacities  of  an  invertebrate. Frontiers in Zoology, 12:36
3) Broly, P. & Deneubourg, J.-L.  2015. Behavioural Contagion Explains Group Cohesion in a Social Crustacean.  PLoS Computational Biology. 11 (6)
 
Compétences particulières souhaitées : 
Rigueur – Créativité – Autonomie – Compétences en statistiques multivariées bienvenues

Offre de post doc Ecologie Comportementale Lyon

Le laboratoire Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés (Lyon) propose un post doc financé en écologie comportementale pour travailler sur la pollution lumineuse en 2018. L’offre complète peut être obtenue à l’adresse suivante : http://umr5023.univ-lyon1.fr/14-actualites/142-offre-d-un-post-doc

mercredi 18 octobre 2017

Annonce pour un post-doc

Offre d’emploi : post-doc position :”Effect of artificial light at night on the behavior and physiological status of the Common toad”
Type de contrat : CDD
Type de poste : Post-doctorat
Formation requise : PhD Biology
Durée du contrat : 12 mois
Rémunération : Catégorie A en fonction de l’expérience, sur la base de la grille de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche, ingénieur d’études
Prise de fonction : 01/02/2018
The  University  of  Lyon  (UdL),  a  community  of  universities  and  institutions,  bringing  together  12 institutions of higher education in Lyon Saint Etienne, is looking for a post -doctoral fellow.

JOB DESCRIPTION
Research  unit  and  location:  UMR  CNRS  5023  LEHNA,  The  research  will  be  conducted  in  the  team Ecophysiology  Behaviour  and  Conservation  in  the  LEHNA  (http://umr5023.univ-lyon1.fr/equipes-derecherche/e2c#). The LEHNA laboratory works on different thematic from evolutionary to environmental sciences  at  different  organization  levels  (ecosystem  to  individual).  It  is  one  of  the  65  research  units  of Lyon 1 University counting 45000 students including 1800 PhD students.
Working time per week: 37h – 100%
Address: Darwin C & Forel, 3-6 Rue Raphaël Dubois, 69622 Villeurbanne
Gross Salary: approx. 2600,00 €
Description research project and main tasks:
Artificial  light  at  night  (ALAN)  is  an  increasing  phenomenon  worldwide  generated  mostly  by  urban  areas  and transport networks. Recent reviews have highlighted the biological and ecological effects  of ALAN on biodiversity, but  also  the  knowledge  gaps.  Physiological  and  behavioral  disruption  can  affect  individual,  population  and potentially  scale  up  at  the  ecosystem  level.  Some  animal  groups  may  be  particularly  exposed  because  of  their activity  pattern.  Amphibians  are  nocturnal  nature  and  their  night  vision  is  very  sensitive.  Individuals  exposed  to ALAN  may  experience  disruption  of  their  behaviour,  especially  the  performance  of  prey  capture.  The  global unfavorable  conservation  status  of  this  vertebrate  group  makes  it  a  primary  targets  of  ALAN  studies  for Conservation biology.
The  candidate  will  investigate  the  effects  of  increasing  exposure  to  ALAN  on  the  foraging  behavior  and  the physiology of the Common toad, a ubiquitous anuran that can stand some level of urbanization. The work is labbased.  The  hired  person  will  carry  out  indoor  experiments  on  the  foraging  behaviour  of  adult  toads exposed to increasing levels of ALAN. He/She will also carry out physiological assays to quantify the stress level of animals in regards to ALAN exposition.

Skills:  The  candidate  must  show  publication  record  in  the  field  of  behavioral  ecology  and/or
ecophysiology.  Skills  in  the  design  of  experiments  and  experience  in  the  field  of  stress  physiology  are required.
Its  work  will  be  part  of  a  multidisciplinary  project  (ecology,  geography)  on  ALAN  aiming  quantifying biological effects in that species and mapping these effects on a large wetland (>1000 km²) area located on the border of Lyon, the second largest French city.
APPLICATION PROCEDURE
Interested candidates should submit the following electronic documents:
  A cover letter including succinct research statements.
  Curriculum vitae including a complete list of publications (all peerreviewed/non-peer reviewed journal articles, conference contributions, books, etc.).
  Contact information of two professional references (referees will be contacted after the final candidates have been shortlisted).
Contacts:  Proposition  should  be  send  to  Thierry  Lengagne  (thierry.lengagne@univlyon1.fr)  and  Isabelle  Di  Raimondo  (isabelle.diraimondo@universite-lyon.fr)  before the 15th November.

lundi 16 octobre 2017

Zoo Postdoc, Belgium

Postdoctoral Researcher
Animal Welfare Science

Antwerp Zoo Centre for Research and Conservation
Antwerp, Belgium


Review of applications will begin on 15 October, 2017 and will continue until the position is filled.
Contact: Zjef Pereboom (zjef.pereboom@kmda.org)

Open research position on Socio-Cognitive Dynamics at ISTC-CNR, Rome, Italy

The Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies at the Italian National Research Council announces the opening of a postdoctoral position in Social and Cognitive Dynamics. The fellowship - funded by the Institute for Informatics and Telematics of the Italian National Research Council - is established to honour the memory of Rosaria Conte, Research Director and founder of the Laboratory of Agent Based Social Simulation at the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies in Rome, where the position will be housed.                           

Rosaria Conte is especially known for her work regarding the cognitive bases of the social action, with particular attention on norm-based behaviour and various mechanisms promoting it, in particular reputation and gossip. She pioneered work on agent-based simulation and applied this innovative approach to shed light on the bidirectional dynamics between individual agents and over-individual structures. Her studies mostly contributed to advance the understanding of social order and conflict, as well as the evolution of social institutions. The Social and Cognitive Dynamics fellowship is intended as a way to continue developing Rosaria Conte’s work and ideas, reflecting her many inter-disciplinary interests alongside her commitment and enthusiasm for mentoring younger researchers.

Competitive applicants will be creative, independent, and have expertise in one or more of the following topics: cooperation, collective action, social norms, reputation, trust, opinion dynamics, self-organisation, signalling, responsibility, heterodox economics, techno-social systems. We are open to applicants with an interdisciplinary focus from cognitive sciences, computational social sciences, behavioural social sciences, social psychology and other related fields, with a preference for computational and experimental approaches.

The position will include substantial freedom to develop a research project based on the researcher’s own ideas and interests.
While highly desirable, a PhD is not an essential requirement. We will also consider candidates who are nearing the end of their PhDs. 
The position is for one year (with possibility of renewal) and complete applications are due by November the 20th. The successful applicant is expected to start as soon as possible.

For additional info and documents, see http://laral.istc.cnr.it/trianni/index.php/2017/10/16/open-research-position-in-collaboration-with-labss/

UFAW LINKs: Lectureship in Human-Animal interactions and ethics at RVC



HR_banner_RVCJOB DESCRIPTION

This form summarises the purpose of the job and lists its key tasks.
It may be varied from time to time at the discretion of the College in consultation with the postholder.


Job Title: Lecturer in Human-Animal Interactions and Ethics

Job ref no: PPS-0219-17


Grade: 7


Department: Pathobiology and Population Sciences

Accountable to:  Head of Animal Welfare Science and Ethics Group

Responsible for N/A

Job summary:
·        To contribute to the overall objectives of the PPS department and Animal Welfare Science and Ethics (AWSE) group in provision of excellent teaching, research, outreach and administration.
·        To organise, deliver and contribute to teaching, administration and assessment for the RVC’s BSc Biological Science Animal Behaviour Welfare and Ethics pathway, BVetMed Professional Studies programme and other undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
·        To conduct active research complementary to the College’s current research programmes and participate in associated dissemination and outreach activities.
·        To model a respectful, effective, collaborative, collegial and supportive working relationships with all staff in the Animal Welfare Science and Ethics group and across the College to strengthen integration of animal welfare activities throughout the College and ensure delivery of optimum teaching, research and College procedures.
·        To contribute to delivery of the RVC’s strategic plan, the attainment of overall performance goals, objectives and standards for teaching and research.


Competency: Teaching and Learning Support
Key tasks:
  • To demonstrate full engagement and commitment to deliver effective and quality teaching and advancement of the subject.
·        To design and deliver teaching and assessment activities associated with theoretical and practical elements of BSc Biological Sciences (Animal Behaviour Welfare and Ethics) and other undergraduate and postgraduate courses related to animal behaviour, welfare and ethics, including sharing best practice.
·        To design, deliver and act as an interdepartmental point of contact for teaching and assessment activities associated with theoretical and practical elements of ethics, jurisprudence and professionalism throughout the Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and BSc Veterinary Nursing programmes.
·        To serve as an academic tutor for undergraduate and/or postgraduate students.
·        To design, supervise and assess appropriate undergraduate and postgraduate student research projects.
·        To participate in student recruitment activities (open days and taster days).
  • To contribute fully to the AWSE group’s support for students engaged with animal behaviour, welfare and ethics, including extracurricular activities.

Competency: Analysis and Research
Key tasks:
  • To prepare/contribute to research grant applications complementary to the College’s current research programmes.
  • To conduct/contribute to active research complementary to the College’s current research programmes.
  • To actively disseminate research findings through appropriate fora to ensure maximum impact.
  • To follow College policies and practices associated with data protection and management and publications approval.
  • To prepare ethics approval and risk assessment forms for research projects as appropriate.
  • To contribute to ethical review board activities including review of research proposals and provide subject expertise.

Competency: Communication
Key tasks:
§  To demonstrate a high level of inter-personal skills when engaging with other individuals in the RVC or external contributors to teaching, research and administration.
§  To effectively communicate with other Animal Welfare Science and Ethics team members, colleagues across the College and students using a range of methods.
§  To contribute to RVC open days and support recruitment of students to RVC courses.
§  To generate well written reports and oral presentations when required.

Competency: Teamwork and Motivation
Key tasks:
  • To engage in regular team meetings, being receptive to diverse viewpoints and promoting inclusivity and support the group in implementing strategic objectives.
  • To contribute to administration and management of the post-holder’s section of the department.
§  To be knowledgeable of all College support systems in order to be a point of support and advice for members of the team and be able to direct to the appropriate support networks as necessary.
  • To demonstrate by example the RVC’s core purposes, vision, mission and values to all RVC colleagues, students, collaborators and visitors.
  • By positive example, to respect and demonstrate the RVC’s core values of selflessness, integrity, objectivity, accountability, openness, honesty, trust, respect and leadership.
  • To promote equal opportunities in accordance with the College’s Equality Strategy.

Competency: Liaison and Networking
Key tasks:
  • To contribute to the positive advancement of relationships between the Animal Welfare Science and Ethics group and other groups within the college.
  • To contribute to the positive advancement of relationships between the Animal Welfare Science and Ethics group and external organisations.
  • To contribute to the internal committee networks.

Competency: Work Environment
Key tasks:
  • To be responsible for ensuring the health and safety of self and others, by safe employing working practices and complying with the College's Health and Safety Policy, and attending relevant training as required.

Flexibility:
To deliver services effectively, a degree of flexibility is needed, and the post holder may be required to perform work not specifically referred to above.


HR_banner_RVCPERSON SPECIFICATION

This form lists the essential and desirable requirements needed in order to do the job.
Applicants will be shortlisted solely on the extent to which they meet these requirements.


Job Title: Lecturer in Human-Animal Interactions and Ethics

Job ref no: PPS-0219-17

Grade: 7

Department: Pathobiology and Population Sciences

Accountable to: Head of Animal Welfare Science and Ethics Group

Responsible for: N/A

Evidence
Competency
Essential
Assessment
*A and/or I
Desirable
Assessment
*A and/or I
Knowledge and
Experience



A veterinary qualification registrable with the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons.

A PhD or relevant postgraduate qualification such as DipECAWBM in an area of research relevant to RVC’s research programmes.

A period of training in animal welfare, anthrozoology and/or ethics research.

Detailed knowledge of ethical frameworks relevant to animal welfare and veterinary practice.

A



A





A



A

Knowledge of animal welfare relevant legislation, especially UK and EU.



A










Teaching and Learning Support



Experience, proficiency and interest in teaching and assessing undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Experience of research project supervision or co-supervision.



A/I





A



A relevant teaching qualification.

Experience of course development & module leadership.

Experience in teaching anthrozoology and / or animal ethics.
A/I


A



A/I

Analysis and Research




A record of research and
publication in peer reviewed
journals related to animal welfare, ethics or anthrozoology.


A





Evidence of contribution towards ethical review processes.

Ability to undertake, publish and generate funding for own research.
A



A/I
Communication


Excellent communication and
interpersonal skills and
ability to build good
Professional relationships.

Excellent level of written English.

Proficiency in computer literacy including Word, PowerPoint, Excel and email.
I




A


A
Experience of outreach activities.
A/I
Teamwork and Motivation



Adopts a collaborative approach to working with various staffing groups in order to promote excellence, especially in teaching and research, and achieve a more effective working environment.

Good organisational and planning skills, ability to meet deadlines/prioritise.

Flexibility and an openness to change in response to organisational needs.

Demonstrate commitment to working in accordance with College policies to include equality and diversity and harassment and bullying.


A/I







A/I



I



A



Liaison and Networking
Interest in disseminating information and discussing research and teaching with stakeholders.
A/I
Experience in disseminating information, discussing research and collaboration with stakeholders.

Experience in consultancy or advising key stakeholders in the capacity as subject expert.
A/I





A